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Worms Internal Parasites

发表于 2008-2-11 16:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


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Internal Parasites

There are a number of different Worms that can affect your dog. Roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms, whip worms and heartworms. Some live in intestines and some in the tissue. Many worms do not pose a problem for your dog at all, and you will not even be aware that they are even there. Some worms can be tolerated in small numbers, but in high numbers can create serious problems.

Generally a dog should be treated every 6 months for the first two. Roundworms and Tapeworms. They are the most common, roundworm being the bigger problem.

Puppies should be treated at  4, 6, 8, 10 , 12, 14 and 16 weeks. Regularly about every 2 weeks up to the puppy reaching 3 months old and again as advised by your Vet, and with Vet recommended medicine. Be sure to worm the Dam, talk to your vet.
It is very important to worm your puppy and your dog, as tapeworms and roundworms can infect people

You MUST check with your Local Veterinarian to find out, what is in your area, and how your puppy or dog needs to be treated.

ALL Areas where there are dogs, there are roundworm Eggs.

Roundworms: (Toxocara canis)
Round worms --also called ascarids are of whitish color. They look just like a piece of cooked Spaghetti, and live in your dogs intestine. They can reach up to 8" in length (20cm.), and feed off of your dogs food, in the intestine. Round worms shed eggs continually. You can either treat your dog for roundworms every 6 months, OR, you can have them tested and only treat if they have them.
Round worms migrate throughout the blood, into the lungs, and are coughed up, and usually re-swallowed. sometimes the larvae can travel through the liver and brain.
You may never ever see these worms, and one day one may come out in the dog's stool. They can cause bloating, diarrhea and vomiting. Your dog may stop eating, after passing through a stage of over eating, and always being hungry.

In young puppies untreated roundworms Can cause the bowel to rupture. Puppies get roundworms from their mom, as the larval worms migrate into the womb, or into her teats. A pregnant dam, can be treated for roundworms, and should be. ASK your Vet.
Dogs should be discouraged from pooping where kids play, as roundworms are dangerous especially to children. Roundworm eggs can lie dormant in a sandbox for years. Once they enter the child host, they can migrate to the child's liver, lungs eyes or brain and become permanently encysted.

Tapeworms (Taenia and dipylidium species)
Tapeworms look like a piece of rice on the stool but not in it, or sometimes seen sticking like little white eggs to the dogs anus
Standard wormer doesn't always kill tapeworms, so a stronger wormer is needed.
Many Vets recommend worming for tapeworm and roundworms every 6-12months.

You cannot treat a pregnant or nursing dam, or puppies for tapeworm.

Like roundworms, people can also get tapeworms, people can get tapeworms from ingesting a flea from a dog, and that is not hard, considering a flea is so small, it could easily land on your plate, or your hand and be ingested un-noticed. A tapeworm is not that dangerous to a dog, it is referred to by some as the smart parasite, but it can be dangerous to people causing serious liver disease.

The tapeworm actually consists of many white segments, joined together like a tape. They tape together and can get to be several feet long. Then they drop off to multiply. It is the segments that are seen as they shed. These segments contain the eggs, they look like wiggling grains of rice.
See more Tapeworm Photos
Hookworm (Ancylostoma coaninum)
Looks like roundworm, but has teeth at one end, that grab onto the dogs intestine and attaches itself. It changes the attachment site at least 6 times per day. There is blood loss to feed the bloodsucking worms, but most blood is lost at the spots of detachment until they heal, thus causing anemia and iron-deficiency.

Hookworms and whipworms are blood suckers. These can make a puppy anemic.

Heartworms (Uncinara)
Heartworms live in the heart and large blood vessels. they are about 6 inches long. They are spread by mosquitoes. The tree hole mosquito, which breeds in oak trees, is very good at spreading heartworms. They live in areas where oak trees thrive. If you have oak trees in your area, you most likely live in an area where there are heartworms. Heartworms show no symptoms at all until the disease is very advanced. When symptoms do appear they are the same as the symptoms for congestive heart failure. Sometimes causing fainting, coughing, difficulty breathing, dull coat, lack of energy, and an enlarged abdomen. Heartworms can be prevented. Dogs should be tested for heart worms, then given a preventive medicine. It is not wise to wait until symptoms appear before treating this dangerous worm. Talk to your Vet.
All dogs at some time in their lives have worms, but with modern treatments, they are easily eliminated, and harmless to your pet. IF ALL dogs were regularly treated for worms, the risk to human health could be reduced greatly.

Whipworms (Trichuris)
Are not visible to the naked eye. Vet diagnosis only

Courtesy of MistyTrails Havanese
发表于 2008-6-5 01:50 | 显示全部楼层
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